Exploring the manifestations of anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders

Victoria Hallett, Luc Lecavalier, Denis G. Sukhodolsky, Noreen Cipriano, Michael G. Aman, James T. McCracken, Christopher J. McDougle, Elaine Tierney, Bryan H. King, Eric Hollander, Linmarie Sikich, Joel Bregman, Evdokia Anagnostou, Craig Donnelly, Lily Katsovich, Kimberly Dukes, Benedetto Vitiello, Kenneth Gadow, Lawrence Scahill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explores the manifestation and measurement of anxiety symptoms in 415 children with ASDs on a 20-item, parent-rated, DSM-IV referenced anxiety scale. In both high and low-functioning children (IQ above vs. below 70), commonly endorsed items assessed restlessness, tension and sleep difficulties. Items requiring verbal expression of worry by the child were rarely endorsed. Higher anxiety was associated with functional language, IQ above 70 and higher scores on several other behavioral measures. Four underlying factors emerged: Generalized Anxiety, Separation Anxiety, Social Anxiety and Over-arousal. Our findings extend our understanding of anxiety across IQ in ASD and provide guidance for improving anxiety outcome measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2341-2352
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume43
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

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Anxiety
Separation Anxiety
Psychomotor Agitation
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Arousal
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Sleep
Language

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Clinical Trials
  • Measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Hallett, V., Lecavalier, L., Sukhodolsky, D. G., Cipriano, N., Aman, M. G., McCracken, J. T., ... Scahill, L. (2013). Exploring the manifestations of anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(10), 2341-2352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1775-1

Exploring the manifestations of anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders. / Hallett, Victoria; Lecavalier, Luc; Sukhodolsky, Denis G.; Cipriano, Noreen; Aman, Michael G.; McCracken, James T.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Tierney, Elaine; King, Bryan H.; Hollander, Eric; Sikich, Linmarie; Bregman, Joel; Anagnostou, Evdokia; Donnelly, Craig; Katsovich, Lily; Dukes, Kimberly; Vitiello, Benedetto; Gadow, Kenneth; Scahill, Lawrence.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 43, No. 10, 10.2013, p. 2341-2352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hallett, V, Lecavalier, L, Sukhodolsky, DG, Cipriano, N, Aman, MG, McCracken, JT, McDougle, CJ, Tierney, E, King, BH, Hollander, E, Sikich, L, Bregman, J, Anagnostou, E, Donnelly, C, Katsovich, L, Dukes, K, Vitiello, B, Gadow, K & Scahill, L 2013, 'Exploring the manifestations of anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders', Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2341-2352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1775-1
Hallett V, Lecavalier L, Sukhodolsky DG, Cipriano N, Aman MG, McCracken JT et al. Exploring the manifestations of anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2013 Oct;43(10):2341-2352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1775-1
Hallett, Victoria ; Lecavalier, Luc ; Sukhodolsky, Denis G. ; Cipriano, Noreen ; Aman, Michael G. ; McCracken, James T. ; McDougle, Christopher J. ; Tierney, Elaine ; King, Bryan H. ; Hollander, Eric ; Sikich, Linmarie ; Bregman, Joel ; Anagnostou, Evdokia ; Donnelly, Craig ; Katsovich, Lily ; Dukes, Kimberly ; Vitiello, Benedetto ; Gadow, Kenneth ; Scahill, Lawrence. / Exploring the manifestations of anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders. In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2013 ; Vol. 43, No. 10. pp. 2341-2352.
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