Experience of a pediatric HIV clinic in guatemala city

Blanca Samayoa, Matthew R. Anderson, Carlos Grazioso, Blanca Estela Rivera, Margo Harrison, William O'Brien, Eduardo Arathoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To describe the clinical experience of a Guatemalan pediatric HIV clinic and referral center, and fill the gap in literature available on pediatric HIV in Guatemala, a country facing a growing HIV epidemic. Methods. Analyses were performed on data available from the clinical databases maintained by the Clinica Familiar Luis Angel García within the Hospital General San Juan de Dios in Guatemala City, Guatemala. Results. From January 1997-June 2006, a total of 536 children (individuals under 13 years of age) were registered at the clinic, 54% of them female. At the initial visit, 241 were known to be HIV infected, while 295 were known to have been exposed to HIV, but were of undetermined infection status. Of the 295 with undetermined status, serostatus was determined in 173, and 57 (33%) were HIV positive. The patients came from all 24 departments of Guatemala, but the majority (64%) was from Guatemala City. Most had perinatal exposure; three patients had been sexually exposed to HIV (all male); and the mode of infection could not be determined for six children. In the cohort of children whose infection status was initially undetermined, the provision of antiretroviral (ARV) medication (both pre- and neonatal), in addition to Cesarean section, was associated with an odds ratio of 0.06 for HIV infection (P < 0.001) when compared to children who had no interventions. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was administered to 167 HIV-infected children. There were 44 known deaths in this cohort; no deaths occurred among the children who were not infected. Conclusions. Pediatric HIV/AIDS is present in all parts of Guatemala. Programs to prevent mother to child transmission and to provide appropriate treatment to families living with HIV/AIDS must be a public health priority.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Anti-HIV agents
  • Child health
  • Guatemala
  • HIV seroprevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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