Background Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is critical for both HIV treatment and prevention. Expanding testing in hospital settings can identify undiagnosed HIV infections. Methods To evaluate the feasibility of universally offering HIV testing during emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient admissions, 9 hospitals in the Bronx, New York and 7 in Washington, District of Columbia (DC) undertook efforts to offer HIV testing routinely. Outcomes included the percentage of encounters with an HIV test, the change from year 1 to year 3, and the percentages of tests that were HIV-positive and new diagnoses. Results From 1 February 2011 to 31 January 2014, HIV tests were conducted during 6.5% of 1621016 ED visits and 13.0% of 361745 inpatient admissions in Bronx hospitals and 13.8% of 729172 ED visits and 22.0% of 150655 inpatient admissions in DC. From year 1 to year 3, testing was stable in the Bronx (ED visits: 6.6% to 6.9%; inpatient admissions: 13.0% to 13.6%), but increased in DC (ED visits: 11.9% to 15.8%; inpatient admissions: 19.0% to 23.9%). In the Bronx, 0.4% (408) of ED HIV tests were positive and 0.3% (277) were new diagnoses; 1.8% (828) of inpatient tests were positive and 0.5% (244) were new diagnoses. In DC, 0.6% (618) of ED tests were positive and 0.4% (404) were new diagnoses; 4.9% (1349) of inpatient tests were positive and 0.7% (189) were new diagnoses. Conclusions Hospitals consistently identified previously undiagnosed HIV infections, but universal offer of HIV testing proved elusive.
- HIV testing in emergency departments
- HIV testing of hospital inpatients
- routine HIV screening
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases