Exercise Performance in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Linked to Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Measures

Gerin R. Stevens, Anuradha Lala, Javier Sanz, Mario J. Garcia, Valentin Fuster, Sean Pinney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) is a useful measure of functional class and has been shown to predict mortality in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Determinants of functional class in PH are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that cardiovascular structure and function, as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and cardiac hemodynamics, as determined by right heart catheterization (RHC), would predict 6MWD in adult patients with PH. Methods: Forty-three patients (32 women) with PH underwent RHC, CMR and 6MWD testing within a 3-month period. The 6MWD was correlated with RHC and CMR variables using Spearman rho (r) coefficients. These relationships were further evaluated using linear regression analysis. Results: Median 6MWD was 233.2 (interquartile range 161.6 to 338.4) meters. The 6MWD was correlated with pulmonary artery (PA) elasticity (r = 0.42, p = 0.006), PA average blood flow velocity (r = 0.38, p = 0.014), right ventricular stroke volume index (RVSVI; r = 0.41, p = 0.008), left ventricular SVI (LVSVI; r = 0.36, p = 0.018) and RV stroke work index (RVSWI; r = 0.37, p = 0.017). These associations remained significant after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index and the presence of lung disease. Exercise performance did not correlate with commonly measured indices such as ventricular volume, ejection fraction or pulmonary pressure. Conclusions: Stroke volume index, PA elasticity and PA average blood flow velocity are novel CMR parameters associated with functional class in PH. CMR can provide insights into determinants of exercise performance and may be a useful tool to non-invasively monitor cardiovascular status in patients with PH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-905
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pulmonary Hypertension
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Exercise
Pulmonary Artery
Cardiac Catheterization
Stroke Volume
Blood Flow Velocity
Elasticity
Lung Diseases
Linear Models
Body Mass Index
Hemodynamics
Stroke
Regression Analysis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Pressure
Lung
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Exercise Performance in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Linked to Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Measures. / Stevens, Gerin R.; Lala, Anuradha; Sanz, Javier; Garcia, Mario J.; Fuster, Valentin; Pinney, Sean.

In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Vol. 28, No. 9, 09.2009, p. 899-905.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stevens, Gerin R. ; Lala, Anuradha ; Sanz, Javier ; Garcia, Mario J. ; Fuster, Valentin ; Pinney, Sean. / Exercise Performance in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Linked to Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Measures. In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. 2009 ; Vol. 28, No. 9. pp. 899-905.
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abstract = "Background: The 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) is a useful measure of functional class and has been shown to predict mortality in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Determinants of functional class in PH are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that cardiovascular structure and function, as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and cardiac hemodynamics, as determined by right heart catheterization (RHC), would predict 6MWD in adult patients with PH. Methods: Forty-three patients (32 women) with PH underwent RHC, CMR and 6MWD testing within a 3-month period. The 6MWD was correlated with RHC and CMR variables using Spearman rho (r) coefficients. These relationships were further evaluated using linear regression analysis. Results: Median 6MWD was 233.2 (interquartile range 161.6 to 338.4) meters. The 6MWD was correlated with pulmonary artery (PA) elasticity (r = 0.42, p = 0.006), PA average blood flow velocity (r = 0.38, p = 0.014), right ventricular stroke volume index (RVSVI; r = 0.41, p = 0.008), left ventricular SVI (LVSVI; r = 0.36, p = 0.018) and RV stroke work index (RVSWI; r = 0.37, p = 0.017). These associations remained significant after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index and the presence of lung disease. Exercise performance did not correlate with commonly measured indices such as ventricular volume, ejection fraction or pulmonary pressure. Conclusions: Stroke volume index, PA elasticity and PA average blood flow velocity are novel CMR parameters associated with functional class in PH. CMR can provide insights into determinants of exercise performance and may be a useful tool to non-invasively monitor cardiovascular status in patients with PH.",
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N2 - Background: The 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) is a useful measure of functional class and has been shown to predict mortality in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Determinants of functional class in PH are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that cardiovascular structure and function, as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and cardiac hemodynamics, as determined by right heart catheterization (RHC), would predict 6MWD in adult patients with PH. Methods: Forty-three patients (32 women) with PH underwent RHC, CMR and 6MWD testing within a 3-month period. The 6MWD was correlated with RHC and CMR variables using Spearman rho (r) coefficients. These relationships were further evaluated using linear regression analysis. Results: Median 6MWD was 233.2 (interquartile range 161.6 to 338.4) meters. The 6MWD was correlated with pulmonary artery (PA) elasticity (r = 0.42, p = 0.006), PA average blood flow velocity (r = 0.38, p = 0.014), right ventricular stroke volume index (RVSVI; r = 0.41, p = 0.008), left ventricular SVI (LVSVI; r = 0.36, p = 0.018) and RV stroke work index (RVSWI; r = 0.37, p = 0.017). These associations remained significant after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index and the presence of lung disease. Exercise performance did not correlate with commonly measured indices such as ventricular volume, ejection fraction or pulmonary pressure. Conclusions: Stroke volume index, PA elasticity and PA average blood flow velocity are novel CMR parameters associated with functional class in PH. CMR can provide insights into determinants of exercise performance and may be a useful tool to non-invasively monitor cardiovascular status in patients with PH.

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