Background: Silent cerebral events (SCE) have been identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in asymptomatic patients afterb atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Procedural determinants influencing the risk for SCE still remain unclear.
Objective: Comparing the risk for SCE depending on exchanges of catheters (ExCath) over a single transseptal sheath.
Results: Included patients underwent PVI using single tip irrigated radiofrequency in 41, endoscopic laser balloon in 27 and cryoballoon in 20 cases. Overall SCE were identified in 23 (26%) patients. In group 1 (no ExCath; N=46) 6 patients (13%) and in group 2 (N=42) 17 patients (40%) had documented SCE (p=0.007). The applied ablation technology did not affect SCE rate. In multivariate analysis age (OR 1.1, p=0.03) and catheter exchanges over a single transseptal sheath (OR 12.1, p=0.007) were the only independent predictors of a higher risk for SCE.
Methods: 88 Patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) only ablation using either single-tip or balloon-based technique underwent pre- and post-ablation cerebral MRI. Ablations were either performed with double transseptal access and without exchanging catheters over the transseptal sheaths (group 1: no ExCath) or after a single transseptal access and exchanges of therapeutic and diagnostic catheters (group 2: ExCath). Differences in regard to SCE rates were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors related to the risk for SCE.
Conclusions: Exchanging catheters over a single transseptal access to perform left atrial ablation is associated with a significantly higher incidence of SCE compared to an ablation technique using different transseptal accesses for therapeutic and diagnostic catheters.
- Atrial fibrillation ablation
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Silent cerebral lesions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)