Excess mortality among injection drug users with AIDS, New York city (1999-2004)

Melissa R. Pfeiffer, David B. Hanna, Elizabeth M. Begier, Kent A. Sepkowitz, Regina Zimmerman, Judith E. Sackoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


We calculated proportions and trends in contributing causes of death among persons with AIDS (PWA) and a history of injection drug use (IDU) in New York City and compared the proportions with those among PWA with a transmission risk of high-risk heterosexual sex (HRH) and men who have sex with men (MSM). We included all 10,575 injection drug user, HRH, and MSM residents aged 13+ years with AIDS reported by September 30, 2006, who died from 1999 through 2004. Accidental drug overdose was the most frequent contributing cause of death among IDUs (20.5%). Overdose prevention initiatives may greatly and immediately reduce deaths among PWA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-253
Number of pages9
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 10 2011
Externally publishedYes



  • AIDS
  • cause of death
  • injection drug users
  • mortality
  • overdose
  • preventable death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Pfeiffer, M. R., Hanna, D. B., Begier, E. M., Sepkowitz, K. A., Zimmerman, R., & Sackoff, J. E. (2011). Excess mortality among injection drug users with AIDS, New York city (1999-2004). Substance Use and Misuse, 46(2-3), 245-253. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2011.522850