Background: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are at increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and are prone to statin-related adverse events from drug–drug interactions with certain antiretroviral regimens. Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of evolocumab in dyslipidemic PLHIV. Methods: BEIJERINCK (EvolocumaB Effect on LDL-C Lowering in SubJEcts with Human Immunodeficiency VirRus and INcreased Cardiovascular RisK) is a randomized, double-blind, multinational trial comparing monthly subcutaneous evolocumab 420 mg with placebo in PLHIV with hypercholesterolemia/mixed dyslipidemia taking maximally-tolerated statin therapy. The primary endpoint was the percent change (baseline to week 24) in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C); secondary endpoints included achievement of LDL-C <70 mg/dl and percent change in other plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels. Treatment-emergent adverse events were also examined. Results: A total of 464 patients were analyzed (mean age of 56.4 years, 82.5% male, mean duration with HIV of 17.4 years). ASCVD was documented in 35.6% of patients, and statin intolerance/contraindications to statin use were present in 20.7% of patients. Evolocumab reduced LDL-C by 56.9% (95% confidence interval: 61.6% to 52.3%) from baseline to week 24 versus placebo. An LDL-C level of <70 mg/dl was achieved in 73.3% of patients in the evolocumab group versus 7.9% in the placebo group. Evolocumab also significantly reduced other atherogenic lipid levels, including non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and lipoprotein(a) (all p < 0.0001). Evolocumab was well tolerated, and treatment-emergent adverse events patient incidence was similar among evolocumab and placebo groups. Conclusions: Evolocumab was safe and significantly reduced lipid levels in dyslipidemic PLHIV on maximally-tolerated statin therapy. Evolocumab is an effective therapy for lowering atherogenic lipoproteins in PLHIV with high cardiovascular risk.
- cardiovascular disease
- low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)
- people living with HIV (PLHIV)
- proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine