Proteolysis experiments of ABP-120 from Dictyostelium discoideum have previously demonstrated that removal of residues 89-115 from a tryptic peptide which retains actin binding activity, abolishes actin binding (Bresnick, A. R., Warren, V., and Condeelis, J. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 9236-9240). Antibodies made against a synthetic peptide of this 27-amino acid sequence (27-mer) specifically immunoprecipitate native ABP-120 from Dictyostelium high speed supernatants, demonstrating that the 27-mer sequence is on the surface of the molecule as expected for an active site. ABP-120 is inhibited in its binding to F-actin by Fab' fragments of the anti-27-mer IgG. Half-maximal inhibition occurs at an approximate molar ratio of 7 Fab' fragments/ABP-120 monomer. Viscoelastic measurements indicate that ABP-120 forms fewer crosslinks with F-actin in the presence of the 27-mer synthetic peptide than in its absence. In F-actin cosedimentation assays, the binding of ABP-120 to actin is inhibited by the 27-mer synthetic peptide. Furthermore, the 27-mer synthetic peptide cosediments with F-actin, whereas a control hydrophobic peptide and a synthetic peptide of residues 69-88 of ABP-120 do not cosediment with F-actin. These observations suggest a direct involvement of the 27-mer sequence in the actin binding activity of ABP-120.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology