Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) are pore-forming proteins (porins) that form the major pathway for movement of adenine nucleotides through the outer mitochondrial membrane. Electrophysiological studies indicate that VDAC-like channel activity is also prevalent in the cell membranes of many mammalian cells. However, the multitopological localization of porins outside the mitochondrion has remained an extremely controversial issue. Herein, we show that usage of two alternative first exons of the murine VDAC-1 gene leads to expression of two porins differing within their N termini. One porin (plasmalemmal VDAC-1) harboring a hydrophobic leader peptide is primarily targeted through the Golgi apparatus to the cell membrane. In contrast, the second isoform lacking the N-terminal leader (mitochondrial VDAC-1) is translocated more efficiently into the outer mitochondrial membrane. Thus, our data provide unique genetic evidence in favor of a multitopological localization of a mitochondrial porin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 28 2000|
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