Evidence for less irritation to the peritoneal membrane in rats dialyzed with solutions low in glucose degradation products

Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Renata Brelinska, Janusz Witowski, Jutta Passlick-Deetjen, Thomas P. Schaub, Holger Schilling, Andrzej Breborowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

◆ Background: Acidic pH and the presence of glucose degradation products (GDP) are believed to compromise the biocompatibility of peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF).The present study examines the effects of long-term exposure to GDP and low pH by comparing conventional PDF and a new, neutral pH, low GDP solution. ◆ Methods: All experiments were performed using a chronic infusion model of dialysis in nonuremic rats. The animals were treated for 6 weeks with 2 daily injections of 4.25% glucose-containing PDF.The following PDF were tested: CAPD3 (single-chamber bag, low pH, high GDP), CAPD3 pH 7.4 (single-chamber bag, neutral pH, high GDP), CAPD3-Balance (double-chamber bag, neutral pH, low GDP). All test solutions were obtained from Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany. ◆ Results: After 6 weeks of exposure, peritoneal permeability to water, urea, creatinine, glucose, and sodium, assessed by peritoneal equilibration test, was similar in all groups. However, compared to other PDF, dialysis with CAPD3-Balance was associated with reduced concentrations of protein and hyaluronan in the dialysate, decreased peritoneal eosinophilia, and reduced dialysate levels of chemokines CCL2/MCP-1 and CCL5/RANTES. Morphologic changes in the peritoneal membrane of CAPD3-Balance-treated animals were much less pronounced and included reduced vascular density, preservation of the mesothelial monolayer and intercellular junction, and no reduplication of the submesothelial basement membrane. ◆ Conclusions: A new generation of PDF with physiologic pH and low GDP level produce less irritation to the peritoneal membrane and better preserve its structural integrity. This effect seems to be related predominantly to minimized GDP concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-57
Number of pages10
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume24
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Biocompatibility
  • Glucose degradation products
  • Peritoneal Eosinophilia
  • Peritoneal dialysis fluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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    Wieczorowska-Tobis, K., Brelinska, R., Witowski, J., Passlick-Deetjen, J., Schaub, T. P., Schilling, H., & Breborowicz, A. (2004). Evidence for less irritation to the peritoneal membrane in rats dialyzed with solutions low in glucose degradation products. Peritoneal Dialysis International, 24(1), 48-57.