Evaluation of toxicosis of liposome-encapsulated cis-bis-neodecanoato-trans-R,R-1, 2-diaminocyclohexane platinum (II) in clinically normal cats

Leslie E. Fox, Katrina Toshach, Maron Calderwood-Mays, Abdul R. Khokhar, Paul Kubilis, Roman Perez-Soler, E. Gregory MacEwen

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Abstract

Objective - To determine adverse effects of single and multiple doses of liposome-encapsulated cis-bis-neodecanoato-trans-R,R-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum (II) (L-NDDP) administered IV to healthy adult cats. Animals - 10 healthy adult cats. Procedure - 8 cats were given a single dose of L-NDDP (at rates of 75, 100, 150, or 200 mg/m2), and 2 cats were given liposomal lipid (1,500 mg/m2). Six of the 10 cats were given doses of L-NDDP at the maximum tolerated dosage (100 mg/m2) or a lower dosage (75 mg of L-NDDP/m2) at 21-day intervals, for a total of 4 treatments. Hematologic and serum biochemical analyses, urinalyses, and physical examinations were used to monitor effects of L-NDDP. Results - All cats had transient pyrexia, lethargy, vomiting (1 to 3 times/24 h), inappetence, and an acute species-specific infusion reaction that was prevented by administration of atropine-diphenhydramine. Dose-limiting toxicosis was evident as a 10-day course of lethargy, intermittent vomiting, and diarrhea. In cats given multiple doses, dose-related thrombocytopenia, cumulative myelosuppression, transient increased hepatic transaminase activity, and mild to moderate hepatic hydropic degeneration and proximal renal tubular lipidosis in excess of lipidosis expected for this species were detected. Bone marrow hypoplasia was detected in some cats that received higher doses (cumulative dosages of 300 or 400 mg of L-NDDP/m2). Conclusion - Cats can safely be given L-NDDP at potentially therapeutic dosages without inducing renal or pulmonary toxicoses. Clinical Relevance - Because L-NDDP has better tumoricidal activity than cisplatin (in vivo and in vitro) and is not cross resistant, it may be similarly or more efficacious than cisplatin in humans and dogs. (Am J Vet Res 1999;60:257-263).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-263
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume60
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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