Evaluation of the anti-angiogenic properties of the new selective αVβ3 integrin antagonist RGDechiHCit

Gaetano Santulli, Maria F. Basilicata, Mariarosaria De Simone, Carmine Del Giudice, Antonio Anastasio, Daniela Sorriento, Michele Saviano, Annarita Del Gatto, Bruno Trimarco, Carlo Pedone, Laura Zaccaro, Guido Iaccarino

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Integrins are heterodimeric receptors that play a critical role in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion processes. Among them, αVβ3 integrin, that recognizes the aminoacidic RGD triad, is reported to be involved in angiogenesis, tissue repair and tumor growth. We have recently synthesized a new and selective ligand of αVβ3 receptor, referred to as RGDechiHCit, that contains a cyclic RGD motif and two echistatin moieties.Methods: The aim of this study is to evaluate in vitro and in vivo the effects of RGDechiHCit. Therefore, we assessed its properties in cellular (endothelial cells [EC], and vascular smooth muscle cells [VSMC]) and animal models (Wistar Kyoto rats and c57Bl/6 mice) of angiogenesis.Results: In EC, but not VSMC, RGDechiHCit inhibits intracellular mitogenic signaling and cell proliferation. Furthermore, RGDechiHCit blocks the ability of EC to form tubes on Matrigel. In vivo, wound healing is delayed in presence of RGDechiHCit. Similarly, Matrigel plugs demonstrate an antiangiogenic effect of RGDechiHCit.Conclusions: Our data indicate the importance of RGDechiHCit in the selective inhibition of endothelial αVβ3 integrin in vitro and in vivo. Such inhibition opens new fields of investigation on the mechanisms of angiogenesis, offering clinical implications for treatment of pathophysiological conditions such as cancer, proliferative retinopathy and inflammatory disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7
JournalJournal of Translational Medicine
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 13 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Santulli, G., Basilicata, M. F., De Simone, M., Del Giudice, C., Anastasio, A., Sorriento, D., Saviano, M., Del Gatto, A., Trimarco, B., Pedone, C., Zaccaro, L., & Iaccarino, G. (2011). Evaluation of the anti-angiogenic properties of the new selective αVβ3 integrin antagonist RGDechiHCit. Journal of Translational Medicine, 9, [7]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5876-9-7