Evaluating Nonattachment and Decentering as Possible Mediators of the Link Between Mindfulness and Psychological Distress in a Nonclinical College Sample

Yash Bhambhani, Gail Cabral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although increasing evidence shows that mindfulness is positively related to mental health, the nature and mechanisms of this relationship are not fully understood. Based on previous research findings and suggestions, the authors of the current study hypothesized that decentering and nonattachment are 2 variables that mediate the relationship between mindfulness and psychological distress. A nonclinical, non-treatment-seeking sample of 308 students and employees from a middle-class, primarily Caucasian university filled out mindfulness, decentering, nonattachment, and mental distress measures online. Mediational analyses failed to support the hypothesis. Results suggest that mindfulness and nonattachment are independent predictors of nonclinical psychological distress and fully explain the effect of decentering on psychological distress. Results should be interpreted with caution and not generalized to clinical issues. A more comprehensive look into the mechanisms of mindfulness, especially with rigorous experimental, longitudinal studies, is warranted. The authors stress the importance of checking alternative, equivalent models in mediation studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-305
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • decentering
  • mechanisms
  • mindfulness
  • nonattachment
  • psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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