Erythema chronicum migrans and lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum

A. C. Steere, S. E. Malawista, J. A. Hardin, S. Ruddy, W. Askenase, W. A. Andiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Thirtytwo patients with the onset of erythema chronicum migrans, Lyme arthritis, or both in mid 1976 were studied prospectively. The skin lesion (24 patients) typically lasted about 3 wk, beginning as a red macule or papule that expanded to form a large ring with central clearing. Associated symptoms ranged from none to malaise, fatigue, chills and fever, headache, stiff neck, backache, myalgias, nausea, vomiting, and sore throat. Three patients had been bitten by ticks at the site of the initial lesion 4 to 20 days before its onset; 19 patients suddenly developed a monoarticular or oligoarticular arthritis 4 days to 22 wk (median, 4 wk) after onset of the skin lesion; 8 developed arthritis without a preceding skin lesion; 7 of these 27 experienced migratory joint pains. Arthritis attacks, most commonly in the knee, were typically short (median, 8 days) but sometimes persisted for months. Other manifestations included neurologic abnormalities, myocardial conduction abnormalities, serum cryoprecipitates, elevated serum IgM levels, and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates. The diagnostic marker is the skin lesion; without it, geographic clustering is the most important clue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-698
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Volume86
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Erythema Chronicum Migrans
Lyme Disease
Arthritis
Skin
Nervous System Malformations
Chills
Pharyngitis
Blood Sedimentation
Myalgia
Arthralgia
Ticks
Back Pain
Serum
Nausea
Vomiting
Fatigue
Immunoglobulin M
Headache
Cluster Analysis
Knee

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Steere, A. C., Malawista, S. E., Hardin, J. A., Ruddy, S., Askenase, W., & Andiman, W. A. (1977). Erythema chronicum migrans and lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum. Annals of Internal Medicine, 86(6), 685-698.

Erythema chronicum migrans and lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum. / Steere, A. C.; Malawista, S. E.; Hardin, J. A.; Ruddy, S.; Askenase, W.; Andiman, W. A.

In: Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 86, No. 6, 1977, p. 685-698.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steere, AC, Malawista, SE, Hardin, JA, Ruddy, S, Askenase, W & Andiman, WA 1977, 'Erythema chronicum migrans and lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum', Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 86, no. 6, pp. 685-698.
Steere AC, Malawista SE, Hardin JA, Ruddy S, Askenase W, Andiman WA. Erythema chronicum migrans and lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1977;86(6):685-698.
Steere, A. C. ; Malawista, S. E. ; Hardin, J. A. ; Ruddy, S. ; Askenase, W. ; Andiman, W. A. / Erythema chronicum migrans and lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum. In: Annals of Internal Medicine. 1977 ; Vol. 86, No. 6. pp. 685-698.
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