Epigenetics and therapeutic targets mediating neuroprotection

Irfan A. Qureshi, Mark F. Mehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rapidly evolving science of epigenetics is transforming our understanding of the nervous system in health and disease and holds great promise for the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches targeting neurological diseases. Increasing evidence suggests that epigenetic factors and mechanisms serve as important mediators of the pathogenic processes that lead to irrevocable neural injury and of countervailing homeostatic and regenerative responses. Epigenetics is, therefore, of considerable translational significance to the field of neuroprotection. In this brief review, we provide an overview of epigenetic mechanisms and highlight the emerging roles played by epigenetic processes in neural cell dysfunction and death and in resultant neuroprotective responses. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled SI: Neuroprotection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume1628
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2015

Keywords

  • Chromatin remodeling
  • DNA methylation
  • Heat shock factor-1
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Post-transcriptional
  • Preconditioning
  • RE-1 silencing transcription factor
  • Sirtuins
  • Stress responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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