Epidemiology of chronic suppurative otitis media and deafness in a rural area and developing an intervention strategy

Amit K. Verma, Amit Vohra, Anirban Maitra, Manjari Banerjee, Reetu Singh, Sumeet K. Mittal, Vidhuti Bharadwaj, Vikas Batra, Anuj Bhatia, Parul Aggarwal, Vidushi Sharma, Rohit Saxsena, S. K. Kapoor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of 613 children evaluated in a village in Haryana 94 (15.3%) were observed to have chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Fifty eight (61.7%) children had hearing impairment. CSOM contributed to 71.6% of the hearing impaired (58/81). On analysis of association of CSOM with literacy and socio-economic status of mothers, and age, sex, and upper respiratory tract infections (URI) in children positive correlation was observed only with URIs (P<0.001). Literacy and socio-economic status of the mothers did not correlate significantly with knowledge about treatment seeking, and ear cleaning practices, probably due to the narrow range of incomes and literacy levels. An intervention program consisting of play, demonstrations, health charts and slogans, and aural cleaning and antibiotic drops was introduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-729
Number of pages5
JournalThe Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic suppurative otitis media
  • Deafness
  • Hearing impairment
  • Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding CSOM
  • Maternal literacy & socio economic status and CSOM
  • Perforation of ear drum
  • Rinne's test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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  • Cite this

    Verma, A. K., Vohra, A., Maitra, A., Banerjee, M., Singh, R., Mittal, S. K., Bharadwaj, V., Batra, V., Bhatia, A., Aggarwal, P., Sharma, V., Saxsena, R., & Kapoor, S. K. (1995). Epidemiology of chronic suppurative otitis media and deafness in a rural area and developing an intervention strategy. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 62(6), 725-729. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02825128