Epicardial catheter-based ventricular reconstruction: A novel therapy for ischaemic heart failure with anteroapical aneurysm

Yanping Cheng, Michael S. Aboodi, Andrew S. Wechsler, Greg L. Kaluza, Juan F. Granada, Kevin Van Bladel, Lon S. Annest, Geng Hua Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Surgical ventricular reconstruction has been used to treat ischaemic cardiomyopathy with large akinetic or dyskinetic areas. However, application of this approach requires a sternotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass and a left ventriculotomy. This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of minimally invasive, off-pump, epicardial catheter-based ventricular reconstruction (ECVR) in an anteroapical aneurysm ovine model. METHODS: Left ventricular (LV) anteroapical myocardial infarction was induced percutaneously by coil embolization of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Eight weeks after infarction, via mini left thoracotomy and without cardiopulmonary bypass, ECVR was performed in six sheep. The scar was excluded by placing anchor pairs on the LV epicardial anterior wall and the right ventricular side of the interventricular septum under fluoroscopic guidance. LV performance was evaluated before, immediately after device implantation and after 6 weeks by echocardiography. Terminal histopathology was performed. RESULTS: ECVR was completed expeditiously in all animals without complications. Parameters obtained 6 weeks after device implantation were compared with baseline (pre-device). End-systolic volume was decreased by 38% (25.6 + 6.1 ml vs baseline 41.2 ±7.2 ml, P = 0.02) with preservation of stroke volume. Ejection fraction was significantly increased by 13% (48.5 ± 7% vs baseline 35.8 + 7%, P = 0.02). The circumferential strain in the anterior septum (-7.67 ± 5.12% vs baseline -0.96 ± 2.22%, P = 0.03) and anterior wall (-9.01 ± 3.51% vs baseline -4.15 ± 1.36%, P = 0.01) were significantly improved. The longitudinal strain in apex was reversed (-3.08 ± 1.53% vs baseline 3.09 ± 3.39%, P = 0.01). Histopathology showed full endocardial healing over the anchors with appreciable reduction of the chronic infarct in the LV. CONCLUSIONS: ECVR without cardiopulmonary bypass is a less invasive alternative to current standard therapies, reverses LV remodelling and improves cardiac performance in an ovine model of anteroapical aneurysm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-922
Number of pages8
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Off-pump surgery
  • Ventricular reshaping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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