Enhancement of 5-Fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine Antineoplastic Activity by 5-Benzyloxybenzyloxybenzylacyclouridine in a Human Colon Carcinoma Cell Line

Edward Chu, Ming Y. Chu, James W. Darnowski, Zhi H. Chen, Bai C. Pan, Shih H. Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pyrimidine acyclonncleoside benzyloxybenzyloxybenzylacyclonri-dine (BBBAU) showed growth inhibitory activity against the human colon cancer HCT-8 ceU line with a 50% inhibitory concentration of 55 MM. Unlike its parent compounds, BBBAU was an extremely weak inhibitor of uridine phosphorylase. This acyclonucleoside analogue is an inhibitor of thymidylate synthase (TS) as determined by inhibition of |6-3H]-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation into DNA, inhibition of 3H release from [5-3HJ-2'-deoxyuridine, and decrease in both the free and total TS 5' -fluoro-2' -deoxyuridine 5' -monophosphate binding sites. Kinetic analysis revealed that BBBAUMP, the monophosphate analogue of BBBAU, is a competitive inhibitor of purified human recombinant TS with a K\ of 8.0 MM. Nucleoside transport and uptake studies revealed that BBBAU (10 MM) inhibited the initial rate of transport and the total uptake of thymidine (25 MM). In contrast, while BBBAU (30 MM) inhibited the initial rate of transport of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd, 25 MM), its intracellular accumulation was increased. BBBAU (10 and 50 MM, respectively) potentiated FdUrd growth inhibition of HCT-8 cells and significantly enhanced the cytotoxic effects of FdUrd (03 and 1 MM, respectively) against HCT-8 cells using a clonogenic assay system. This combination resulted in additive inhibitory effects on TS activity resulting in greater depletion of dTTP pools. Moreover, the incorporation of radiolabeled FdUrd into the DNA fraction of HCT-8 cells was enhanced. The potential importance of this novel combination for human colon cancer chemotherapy is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1729-1736
Number of pages8
JournalCancer research
Volume52
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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