Occlusive disease of the aorta and iliac and femoral arteries may lead to limb-threatening ischemia when multiple levels of disease are present. The combined treatment of severe aortoiliac and infrainguinal disease using standard techniques may be hazardous or contraindicated in patients with multiple, previous reconstructions or severe co-morbid medical illnesses. This report summarizes the technical feasibility and early results of aortoiliac endovascular stented grafts (ESGs) in combination with conventional surgical reconstructions for the treatment of multilevel arterial occlusive disease. Forty-two patients with multilevel aortoiliofemoral limb-threatening occlusive disease had an ESG inserted to treat long-segment, multilevel, occlusive disease. ESGs originated from either the aorta or the common iliac artery and were inserted into one of the femoral arteries. ESG lengths ranged from 16 to 30 cm (mean 21 cm). Conventional surgical bypasses were constructed, when necessary, from polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or saphenous vein and were extended using standard techniques to the popliteal, tibial, or contralateral femoral arteries. Technical success of graft insertion was achieved in 39 of 42 attempted ESG procedures (93%). The 18-month primary and secondary cumulative patency rates for ESGs were 89 ± 9 (SE) and 100%, respectively. Limb salvage was achieved in 94% of patients at 24 months. Four patients had minor postprocedure complications (10%), and there was one death. Endovascular aortoiliac grafts, often in combination with conventional surgical infrainguinal bypasses, are a technically feasible, potentially safe option for the treatment of limb-threatening aortoiliofemoral occlusive disease and have demonstrated encouraging early patency. Long-term follow-up is necessary before widespread application of this technique is instituted.
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