OBJECT: Tectal gliomas are a distinct form of pediatric brainstem tumor that present in patients with symptoms related to increased intracranial pressure due to obstructive hydrocephalus. The natural history of these lesions is often uniquely indolent. Thus, initial surgical therapies are directed at treatment of hydrocephalus, usually with ventricular shunt placement. Recently, third ventriculostomy has been used in patients with tectal gliomas, both as an initial procedure and after shunt failures. In this report the authors review their experience with the treatment of hydrocephalus in patients with tectal gliomas. METHODS: The authors reviewed 31 consecutive cases of tectal gliomas and compared the success rates of ventricular shunt placement with the success rates of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). Shunt placement procedures were associated with a significant number of malfunctions, and most patients required shunt revisions. The ETV procedure was attempted both as an initial treatment and after shunt malfunction. Overall, ETV was attempted in 18 patients and was performed successfully in all cases. At the time of follow-up evaluation, 16 patients (89%) were shunt free. CONCLUSIONS: The authors found that ETV could be performed with good long-term success both as an initial treatment and after shunt failure. Overall, ETV was found to be superior to ventricular shunt placement in the management of hydrocephalus associated with tectal gliomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology