Endogenous U2•U5•U6 snRNA complexes in S. pombe are intron lariat spliceosomes

Weijun Chen, Hennady P. Shulha, Ami Ashar-Patel, Jing Yan, Karin M. Green, Charles C. Query, Nick Rhind, Zhiping Weng, Melissa J. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excision of introns from pre-mRNAs is mediated by the spliceosome, a multi-megadalton complex consisting of U1, U2, U4/U6, and U5 snRNPs plus scores of associated proteins. Spliceosome assembly and disassembly are highly dynamic processes involving multiple stable intermediates. In this study, we utilized a split TAP-tag approach for large-scale purification of an abundant endogenous U2•U5•U6 complex from Schizosaccharomyces pombe. RNAseq revealed this complex to largely contain excised introns, indicating that it is primarily ILS (intron lariat spliceosome) complexes. These endogenous ILS complexes are remarkably resistant to both high-salt and nuclease digestion. Mass spectrometry analysis identified 68, 45, and 43 proteins in low-salt-, high-salt-, and micrococcal nuclease-treated preps, respectively. The protein content of a S. pombe ILS complex strongly resembles that previously reported for human spliced product (P) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae ILS complexes assembled on single pre-mRNAs in vitro. However, the ATP-dependent RNA helicase Brr2 was either substoichiometric in lowsalt preps or completely absent from high-salt and MNase preps. Because Brr2 facilitates spliceosome disassembly, its relative absence may explain why the ILS complex accumulates logarithmically growing cultures and the inability of S. pombe extracts to support in vitro splicing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-320
Number of pages13
JournalRNA
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Spliceosomes
Small Nuclear RNA
Schizosaccharomyces
Introns
Salts
RNA Precursors
RNA Helicases
Micrococcal Nuclease
Proteins
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Digestion
Mass Spectrometry
Adenosine Triphosphate

Keywords

  • Intron lariat spliceosome
  • Proteomic
  • RNAseq
  • S. pombe
  • Spliceosome footprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Chen, W., Shulha, H. P., Ashar-Patel, A., Yan, J., Green, K. M., Query, C. C., ... Moore, M. J. (2014). Endogenous U2•U5•U6 snRNA complexes in S. pombe are intron lariat spliceosomes. RNA, 20(3), 308-320. https://doi.org/10.1261/rna.040980.113

Endogenous U2•U5•U6 snRNA complexes in S. pombe are intron lariat spliceosomes. / Chen, Weijun; Shulha, Hennady P.; Ashar-Patel, Ami; Yan, Jing; Green, Karin M.; Query, Charles C.; Rhind, Nick; Weng, Zhiping; Moore, Melissa J.

In: RNA, Vol. 20, No. 3, 03.2014, p. 308-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, W, Shulha, HP, Ashar-Patel, A, Yan, J, Green, KM, Query, CC, Rhind, N, Weng, Z & Moore, MJ 2014, 'Endogenous U2•U5•U6 snRNA complexes in S. pombe are intron lariat spliceosomes', RNA, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 308-320. https://doi.org/10.1261/rna.040980.113
Chen, Weijun ; Shulha, Hennady P. ; Ashar-Patel, Ami ; Yan, Jing ; Green, Karin M. ; Query, Charles C. ; Rhind, Nick ; Weng, Zhiping ; Moore, Melissa J. / Endogenous U2•U5•U6 snRNA complexes in S. pombe are intron lariat spliceosomes. In: RNA. 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 308-320.
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