The A549 Taxol-resistant cell lines, A549-T12 and A549-T24, were isolated in our laboratory, and are dependent on Taxol for normal growth. The microtubules in these cells displayed increased dynamicity in the absence of Taxol. In the present study, a heterozygous point mutation in Kα1-tubulin was discovered at α379 (Ser to Ser/Arg). Although Taxol binds to β-tubulin in the microtubule, sequencing of β-tubulin class I did not reveal any mutations. The expression of the α-tubulin mutation was demonstrated using high-resolution isoelectric focusing and two-dimensional gel analysis. Both the wild-type and mutant tubulin were expressed in the Taxol-resistant cell lines. The region of α-tubulin that encompasses α379 is near the COOH terminus that has been proposed as a site of interaction with microtubule-associated protein (MAP) 4 and stathmin, a tubulin-interacting protein. In the Taxol-resistant cells, the active non-phosphorylated form of stathmin was increased ∼2-fold, whereas the inactive phosphorylated forms were barely detected. The inactive phosphorylated forms of MAP4 were increased in the A549-T12 and A549-T24 cell lines. We hypothesize that these changes in tubulin/MAPs that result in increased microtubule instability may be related to the ∩-tubulin mutation and are compensated for by the stabilizing properties of Taxol.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 15 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research