Electroencephalographic Findings and Clinical Behavior During Induction of Anesthesia With Sevoflurane in Human Infants: A Prospective Observational Study.

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Abstract

Seizures and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) have been described during sevoflurane. We prospectively estimated their incidence in 54 otherwise neurologically healthy infants by obtaining the full-head video electroencephalogram (EEG). No infants had clinical seizures, but 1 had an electrographic seizure; 3 others had focal IEDs (7.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1%–17.9%). We detected no differences in demographic or clinical characteristics between normal and abnormal EEG groups. Diffuse slowing was the most common initial EEG change followed by fast (α, β) activity in all head leads. Larger studies with more statistical power are needed to further investigate the hypotheses generated with this research.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume130
Issue number6
Early online dateAug 22 2019
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Anesthesiology
  • Pediatrics
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Epileptiform discharges
  • Sevoflurane
  • Electrographic seizure

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