Background and ObjectivesTo examine the efficacy of ubrogepant in the treatment of migraine with mild vs moderate or severe pain.MethodsThis was a phase 3, open-label, dose-blinded, 52-week extension trial. Adults with migraine were randomized 1:1:1 (usual care, ubrogepant 50 mg, or ubrogepant 100 mg). Participants treated up to 8 migraine attacks of any pain intensity every 4 weeks. Efficacy outcomes (only collected for ubrogepant) included 2-hour pain freedom (2hPF), freedom from associated symptoms, and from disability. A generalized linear mixed model with binomial distribution and logit link function was used to assess the influence of baseline pain intensity on treatment outcomes in this post hoc analysis.ResultsData for 19,291 attacks from 808 participants were included. 2hPF rates were higher for attacks treated when pain was mild vs moderate or severe: ubrogepant 50 mg (47.1% vs 23.6%; odds ratio [95% CI] 2.89 [2.57-3.24]) and ubrogepant 100 mg (55.2% vs 26.1%; 3.50 [3.12-3.92]; p < 0.0001 both doses). Rates of freedom from photophobia, phonophobia, and nausea 2 hours after treatment were also significantly higher following the treatment of mild vs moderate or severe pain (p < 0.001 all symptoms, both doses). At 2 hours, the proportion of attacks with normal function was more than double for both doses of ubrogepant (p < 0.001). The most common adverse event was upper respiratory tract infection (∼11% both doses). Serious adverse events were reported by 2% in ubrogepant 50 mg and 3% in ubrogepant 100 mg.DiscussionRelative to treatment of attacks with moderate or severe pain, treatment with ubrogepant during mild pain resulted in significantly higher rates of freedom from pain, freedom from associated symptoms, and achieving normal function 2 hours after administration.Trial Registration InformationClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02873221.Classification of EvidenceThis trial provides Class III evidence that treatment of migraine with ubrogepant when pain is mild vs moderate or severe increases the likelihood of achieving pain freedom, absence of symptoms, and normal function within 2 hours postdose.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology