Effects of the physico-chemical nature of two biomimetic crystals on the innate immune response

Manish Ramesh, Laura F. Turner, Rajwardhan Yadav, Thiruchandurai V. Rajan, Anthony T. Vella, Liisa T. Kuhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


The influence of the physico-chemical features of particulates made of calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite, HAP) crystals, or monosodium urate monohydrate (MSUM) crystals, on the innate immune response was investigated in mice after intraperitoneal injections. The phenotype and activation status of harvested peritoneal cells from C57BL/6 mice was determined by flow cytometry analysis at 24, 48 and 72 h after particulate injections and compared to a known adjuvant, aluminum phosphate (ALP). A rigorous characterization of the chemistry, structure, morphology and particle size of the particulates was completed. Mid-sized (10 μm mean size) particulates of both crystal types recruited the most cells, as compared to fine (1 μm) or large (100 μm) particulates. Analysis of sub-populations of the peritoneal cells revealed that MSUM induced fewer PMNs and eosinophils than HAP or ALP. MSUM also had the greatest effect on the expression of CD11b, MHC-Class II and CD86 on peritoneal macrophages indicating MSUM provides a robust antigen presenting and co-stimulatory bridge between the innate and adaptive immune systems. This study indicates that manipulation of the physico-chemical features of particulates is a means of controlling the innate immune response and that knife-like morphologies are more stimulatory than spherical or plate-like shapes. Proper utilization of the physico-chemical features of particulates offers a new direction for the development of more effective vaccine adjuvants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1629
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2007
Externally publishedYes



  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Inflammation
  • Innate immune response
  • Monosodium urate monohydrate
  • Particulate adjuvant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

Cite this