Tumor necrosis inducing factor (TNF), a 140,000 molecular weight glycoprotein present in the serum of Corynebacterium parvum endotoxin-treated mice, was cytotoxic toward Friend virus-transformed erythroleukemic cells (FELC). These cells grow in culture as undifferentiated pro-erythroblasts but can be induced to differentiate in a limited fashion along the erythroid pathway to orthochromatic normoblasts by various agents such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Partially and highly purified preparations of TNF were cytotoxic toward logarithmically growing FELC whereas a comparable serum protein fraction from C. parvum treated mice or endotoxin from E. coli had no effect upon FELC viability. DMSO-induced cells were more sensitive to the action of TNF requiring only about half the concentration needed to produce 50% kill in noninduced cells. Inhibition of hemoglobin formation was TNF dose-related and could be decreased by 94%. TNF was also cytotoxic toward DMSO-induced cells in stationary phase and mitomycin C treated noninduced FELC. Neuraminidase modification of the surface of FELC increased the cytotoxicity of TNF by 50%. These results demonstrate that TNF destroys FELC whether they are nondividing, dividing or partially differentiated and suggest that TNF may accomplish this by affecting cell metabolism after internalization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Experimental Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology