Effects of health status on word finding in aging

Martin L. Albert, Avron Spiro, Keely J. Sayers, Jason A. Cohen, Christopher B. Brady, Mira Goral, Loraine K. Obler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of health status on word-finding difficulty in aging, adjusting for the known contributors of education, sex, and ethnicity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighty-four adults aged 55 to 85 (48.6% female) participating in an ongoing longitudinal study of language in aging. MEASUREMENTS: Medical, neurological, and laboratory evaluations to determine health status and presence or absence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Lexical retrieval evaluated with the Boston Naming Test (BNT) and Action Naming Test. RESULTS: Unadjusted regression models showed that presence of diabetes mellitus was not related to naming. Presence of hypertension was associated with significantly lower accuracy on both tasks (P<.02). Adjustment for demographics attenuated the effect of hypertension (P<.08). For the BNT, a variable combining presence, treatment, and control of hypertension was marginally significant (P<.10), with subjects with uncontrolled hypertension being least accurate (91.4%). Previously observed findings regarding the effects of age, education, sex, and ethnicity were confirmed. CONCLUSION: In this sample of older adults, hypertension contributed to the word-finding difficulty of normal aging, but diabetes mellitus did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2300-2305
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Health Status
Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Sex Education
Longitudinal Studies
Language
Demography

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Albert, M. L., Spiro, A., Sayers, K. J., Cohen, J. A., Brady, C. B., Goral, M., & Obler, L. K. (2009). Effects of health status on word finding in aging. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57(12), 2300-2305. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2009.02559.x

Effects of health status on word finding in aging. / Albert, Martin L.; Spiro, Avron; Sayers, Keely J.; Cohen, Jason A.; Brady, Christopher B.; Goral, Mira; Obler, Loraine K.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 57, No. 12, 12.2009, p. 2300-2305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Albert, ML, Spiro, A, Sayers, KJ, Cohen, JA, Brady, CB, Goral, M & Obler, LK 2009, 'Effects of health status on word finding in aging', Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 2300-2305. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2009.02559.x
Albert, Martin L. ; Spiro, Avron ; Sayers, Keely J. ; Cohen, Jason A. ; Brady, Christopher B. ; Goral, Mira ; Obler, Loraine K. / Effects of health status on word finding in aging. In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2009 ; Vol. 57, No. 12. pp. 2300-2305.
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