Effects of Camptothecin on the Breakage and Repair of DNA during the Cell Cycle

Susan B. Horwitz, Marshall S. Horwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations


Incubation of camptothecin with HeLa cells in either the G1or S phase of the cell cycle results in fragmentation of DNA as analyzed on alkaline sucrose gradients. Removal of the drug from G1-or S-phase cells results in the normal sedimentation of cellular DNA. Neither the fragmentation nor the repair of HeLa cell DNA requires DNA replication. However, subtle irreversible changes must take place in the DNA in cells treated with camptothecin for 30 min during the S phase, since such cells are unable to undergo subsequent cell division. The lethal effect is presumed to be at the single strand-replication forks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2834-2836
Number of pages3
JournalCancer Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1973


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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