Preterm birth (PTB), defined as any birth occurring before 37 weeks of gestation, occurs in only 12% of all births, yet accounts for nearly half of long-term neurological morbidity, and 60%-80% of perinatal mortality. The single most common cause of PTB is intrauterine infection. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide that is both upregulated by inflammatory cytokines and capable of increasing myometrial smooth muscle tone. We hypothesized, therefore, that ET-1 is a critical component of the parturition cascade in the setting of infection-associated PTB. In our previous work, we have shown that blockade of ET-1 synthesis through the use of the metalloproteinase inhibitor phosphoramidon results in control of preterm labor. In the current work, we showed that blockade of ET-1 action with 5-50 mg/kg i.p. 3-(3-carboxybenzyl)-1-((6-ethylbenzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)methyl)-6-hydroxy-4- oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-2-carboxylic acid (HJP272), a putative novel selective ETA-receptor antagonist (IC50, 70 nmol/L), prevents PTB induced with up to 50 mg/kg of i.p. lipopolysaccharide in a mouse model. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of control of infection-associated PTB with a specific ETA-receptor antagonist. The identification of a novel effective therapy for PTB could have important clinical implications.
- Endothelin A receptor antagonist
- Inflammatory cytokines
- Preterm delivery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)