Effect of protein denaturation and enzyme inhibitors on proteasomal-mediated production of peptides in human embryonic kidney cells

Emer S. Ferro, Sayani Dasgupta, Michael A. Fishman, Leandro M. Castro, Alexandre K. Tashima, Lloyd D. Fricker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peptides produced by the proteasome have been proposed to function as signaling molecules that regulate a number of biological processes. In the current study, we used quantitative peptidomics to test whether conditions that affect protein stability, synthesis, or turnover cause changes in the levels of peptides in Human Embryonic Kidney 293T (HEK293T) cells. Mild heat shock (42 °C for 1 h) or treatment with the deubiquitinase inhibitor b-AP15 led to higher levels of ubiquitinated proteins but did not significantly increase the levels of intracellular peptides. Treatment with cycloheximide, an inhibitor of protein translation, did not substantially alter the levels of intracellular peptides identified herein. Cells treated with a combination of epoxomicin and bortezomib showed large increases in the levels of most peptides, relative to the levels in cells treated with either compound alone. Taken together with previous studies, these results support a mechanism in which the proteasome cleaves proteins into peptides that are readily detected in our assays (i.e., 6-37 amino acids) and then further degrades many of these peptides into smaller fragments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number207
JournalBiomolecules
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Bortezomib
  • Epoxomicin
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Peptide
  • Peptidomics
  • Proteasome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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