The benefits of antenatal glucocorticoids are now firmly established in the perinatal management of threatened preterm birth. Postnatal glucocorticoid therapy, however, remains controversial in neonatal medicine, with the need to balance short-term physiological benefits against the potential for long-term adverse consequences. This review focuses on the vascular effects of prenatal and postnatal glucocorticoids, synthesizing data from both experimental animal models and human infants with the goal of better appreciation of the short and long-term effects of these commonly used drugs. Due to their widespread and varied use, improved understanding of the cellular and molecular impact of glucocorticoids is important in guiding current practice and future research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health