Effect of midodrine versus placebo on time to vasopressor discontinuation in patients with persistent hypotension in the intensive care unit (MIDAS): an international randomised clinical trial

on behalf of the MIDAS Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: ICU discharge is often delayed by a requirement for intravenous vasopressor medications to maintain normotension. We hypothesised that the administration of midodrine, an oral α1-adrenergic agonist, as adjunct to standard treatment shortens the duration of intravenous vasopressor requirement. Methods: In this multicentre, randomised, controlled trial including three tertiary referral hospitals in the US and Australia, we enrolled adult patients with hypotension requiring a single-agent intravenous vasopressor for ≥ 24 h. Subjects received oral midodrine (20 mg) or placebo every 8 h in addition to standard care until cessation of intravenous vasopressors, ICU discharge, or occurrence of adverse events. The primary outcome was time to vasopressor discontinuation. Secondary outcomes included time to ICU discharge readiness, ICU and hospital lengths of stay, and ICU readmission rates. Results: Between October 2012 and June 2019, 136 participants were randomised, of whom 132 received the allocated intervention and were included in the analysis (modified intention-to-treat approach). Time to vasopressor discontinuation was not different between midodrine and placebo groups (median [IQR], 23.5 [10–54] vs 22.5 [10.4–40] h; difference, 1 h; 95% CI − 10.4 to 12.3 h; p = 0.62). No differences in secondary endpoints were observed. Bradycardia occurred more often after midodrine administration (5 [7.6%] vs 0 [0%], p = 0.02). Conclusion: Midodrine did not accelerate liberation from intravenous vasopressors and was not effective for the treatment of hypotension in critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1884-1893
Number of pages10
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ICU discharge
  • Midodrine
  • Oral vasopressor
  • Persistent hypotension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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