It has been demonstrated that high blood vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in patients with myocardial infarction decrease rapidly after reperfusion, possibly in response to heparin administration. We measured serum VEGF concentration before and after heparin infusion in 105 patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Serum VEGF concentration in patients with STEMI was significantly higher than in healthy controls. After PCI, the concentration of VEGF decreased by approximately 70%, with the greatest decrease seen in patients with the highest initial VEGF levels. To determine whether heparin could decrease VEGF concentration by sequestering VEGF in the endothelium, a fixed dose of recombinant VEGF was incubated for 40 minutes with EA.hy926 endothelial cells in vitro. Recovery of VEGF from medium after culture was decreased by up to 15% with increasing doses of heparin. Concentration of VEGF did not change in the absence of heparin and/or endothelial cells. In conclusion, these results suggest that a rapid decrease in blood VEGF after PCI may be related to the administration of heparin, which binds simultaneously to VEGF and endothelial cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine