Early discharge after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Awsan Noman, Azfar G. Zaman, Clyde Schechter, Karthik Balasubramaniam, Rajiv Das

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To assess safety of early discharge following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 2448 STEMI patients treated with PPCI surviving to hospital discharge. Post-discharge all-cause mortality was reported at 1, 7, and 30 days and long-term follow up. A total of 1542 patients (63.0%) were discharged within 2 days of admission (early discharge group) and 906 patients (37.0%) after 2 days (late discharge group). In both groups, no deaths were recorded 1 day post discharge. The early and late discharge group mortality figures for 7 days were 0 and 4 patients (0.04%) and between 7 and 30 days were 11 (0.7%) and 11 patients (1.2%), respectively. During a mean follow up of 584 days, 178 patients (7.3%) died: 67 in the early discharge group (4.3%) and 111 in the late discharge group (12.3%). Conclusions: This exploratory, observational study demonstrates that discharging low-risk STEMI patients within 2 days following PPCI is safe. For providers of health care, early discharge can help to allay the cost of providing a 24-hour PPCI service and adds to the recognized benefits arising from PPCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-269
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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