Lead failure is a common complication of pacemaker placement in the pediatric population and is often due to insulation breaks or lead fracture. Usually these leads are replaced with new leads. This study describes the surgical technique of lead repair and investigates the longevity of such repairs. Retrospective review of lead repairs performed in the pediatric population (<21 years old) between December 1995 and December 2008. Operative records, pre-operative interrogation data, and most recent follow-up data were reviewed. Twenty-one lead repairs were performed on 17 patients. Sixteen were ventricular leads and five were atrial leads. There were 14 insulation defect repairs, six new lead tip splicings, and one lead extender splicing. The repaired leads were followed for a mean time of 3.6±3.0 years (range, 0.3-10.6 years). The freedom from repaired lead failure by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was 89% at 5 years and 22% at 10 years. One atrial lead and two ventricular leads have been replaced since the repairs. One atrial lead has had a repeat insulation break repair since the initial repair. One of the five atrial leads had an elevated threshold at follow-up. Five of 16 ventricular leads had elevated thresholds at follow-up. All leads had normal impedance at follow-up. The option of pacemaker lead repair, if surgically feasible, offers an alternative to lead replacement in the pediatric population and may extend the longevity of pacemaker leads in this population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing|
|State||Published - Apr 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)