Drug Stroop performance: Relationships with primary substance of use and treatment outcome in a drug-dependent outpatient sample

Kenneth M. Carpenter, Elizabeth Schreiber, Sarah Church, David McDowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A modified Stroop protocol was administered to a sample of 80 dependent drug users (62 males, 18 females) prior to beginning a time-limited outpatient treatment study combining pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioral coping skills therapy for cocaine, marijuana, or heroin dependence. Results indicated that cocaine-dependent participants responded more slowly than marijuana-dependent participants to all stimulus words. Cocaine words yielded slower reaction times than neutral words across all treatment groups. The heroin- and cocaine-dependent groups' overall performance did not differ. There was no treatment group by drug word interaction. For cocaine-dependent participants, Stroop performance in the presence of cocaine stimuli was associated with worse treatment outcome. In conclusion, Stroop performance may have prognostic utility among drug-dependent patients in a cognitive-behavioral coping skills intervention and may highlight the mechanisms associated with changing substance use in this treatment modality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-181
Number of pages8
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Fingerprint

Cocaine
Outpatients
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Psychological Adaptation
Heroin
Cannabis
Marijuana Abuse
Heroin Dependence
Therapeutics
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Drug therapy
Drug Users
Drug Interactions
Drug Therapy

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Drug dependence
  • Modified Stroop
  • Relapse prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Drug Stroop performance : Relationships with primary substance of use and treatment outcome in a drug-dependent outpatient sample. / Carpenter, Kenneth M.; Schreiber, Elizabeth; Church, Sarah; McDowell, David.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 174-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e165e26cae1c416bb8ebedb4df2b625a,
title = "Drug Stroop performance: Relationships with primary substance of use and treatment outcome in a drug-dependent outpatient sample",
abstract = "A modified Stroop protocol was administered to a sample of 80 dependent drug users (62 males, 18 females) prior to beginning a time-limited outpatient treatment study combining pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioral coping skills therapy for cocaine, marijuana, or heroin dependence. Results indicated that cocaine-dependent participants responded more slowly than marijuana-dependent participants to all stimulus words. Cocaine words yielded slower reaction times than neutral words across all treatment groups. The heroin- and cocaine-dependent groups' overall performance did not differ. There was no treatment group by drug word interaction. For cocaine-dependent participants, Stroop performance in the presence of cocaine stimuli was associated with worse treatment outcome. In conclusion, Stroop performance may have prognostic utility among drug-dependent patients in a cognitive-behavioral coping skills intervention and may highlight the mechanisms associated with changing substance use in this treatment modality.",
keywords = "Cognition, Drug dependence, Modified Stroop, Relapse prevention",
author = "Carpenter, {Kenneth M.} and Elizabeth Schreiber and Sarah Church and David McDowell",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.04.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "174--181",
journal = "Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0306-4603",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drug Stroop performance

T2 - Relationships with primary substance of use and treatment outcome in a drug-dependent outpatient sample

AU - Carpenter, Kenneth M.

AU - Schreiber, Elizabeth

AU - Church, Sarah

AU - McDowell, David

PY - 2006/1

Y1 - 2006/1

N2 - A modified Stroop protocol was administered to a sample of 80 dependent drug users (62 males, 18 females) prior to beginning a time-limited outpatient treatment study combining pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioral coping skills therapy for cocaine, marijuana, or heroin dependence. Results indicated that cocaine-dependent participants responded more slowly than marijuana-dependent participants to all stimulus words. Cocaine words yielded slower reaction times than neutral words across all treatment groups. The heroin- and cocaine-dependent groups' overall performance did not differ. There was no treatment group by drug word interaction. For cocaine-dependent participants, Stroop performance in the presence of cocaine stimuli was associated with worse treatment outcome. In conclusion, Stroop performance may have prognostic utility among drug-dependent patients in a cognitive-behavioral coping skills intervention and may highlight the mechanisms associated with changing substance use in this treatment modality.

AB - A modified Stroop protocol was administered to a sample of 80 dependent drug users (62 males, 18 females) prior to beginning a time-limited outpatient treatment study combining pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioral coping skills therapy for cocaine, marijuana, or heroin dependence. Results indicated that cocaine-dependent participants responded more slowly than marijuana-dependent participants to all stimulus words. Cocaine words yielded slower reaction times than neutral words across all treatment groups. The heroin- and cocaine-dependent groups' overall performance did not differ. There was no treatment group by drug word interaction. For cocaine-dependent participants, Stroop performance in the presence of cocaine stimuli was associated with worse treatment outcome. In conclusion, Stroop performance may have prognostic utility among drug-dependent patients in a cognitive-behavioral coping skills intervention and may highlight the mechanisms associated with changing substance use in this treatment modality.

KW - Cognition

KW - Drug dependence

KW - Modified Stroop

KW - Relapse prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=29044445996&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=29044445996&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.04.012

DO - 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.04.012

M3 - Article

C2 - 15913898

AN - SCOPUS:29044445996

VL - 31

SP - 174

EP - 181

JO - Addictive Behaviors

JF - Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0306-4603

IS - 1

ER -