P-glycoprotein is an integral membrane protein that functions as a cytotoxic drug-efflux pump. Studies suggest that the transporter exists in the membrane as a dimer and possibly higher order structures. We report the bacterial expression of the linker region (amino acids 621-688) of murine mdr1b P-glycoprotein and demonstrate that this region, which serves to link the two homologous halves of the transporter, has the potential to serve as a dimerization domain. The recombinant peptide (8742 daltons) eluted from a gel filtration column at a position corresponding to a dimer (i.e. 17,500 daltons). A dimer:monomer equilibrium, as a function of peptide concentration, was confirmed by large zone gel filtration chromatography. The dissociation constant (K(D)) for the dimer:monomer equilibrium was 350 nM. It was possible to dissociate the dimer by low pH (3.0) or high ionic strength (2.5 M NaCl). Dimerization was not affected by an alkaline pH of 10 or 5 mM EDTA. Studies with a truncated linker peptide indicated that the N-terminal 48 amino acids were sufficient for dimerization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 13 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology