School-based health centers (SBHCs) are increasingly charged with providing primary care services including asthma care. This study assessed SBHC provider adherence to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) asthma care guidelines and the association among provider adherence, patient characteristics, and asthma outcomes. A cross-sectional study design was used to assess SBHC chart data from 415 children with asthma attending four inner-city elementary schools (K-5) in the Bronx, NY. Asthma symptoms, peak flow use, follow-up visits, and referrals to asthma specialists were documented in the charts of 60%, 51%, 22%, and 3% of subjects, respectively. Thirty-three percent of charts had SBHC clinician-documented severity classifications, of which 70% had appropriate medications prescribed. Asthma education and an asthma plan were documented in 18% and 10% of charts, respectively. Environmental triggers and tobacco exposures were documented in 71% and 49% of charts, respectively. Older children (> 8 years) were more likely to have documentation of peak flow use for asthma management, asthma education, follow-up visits, and written asthma plans, whereas younger children (< 8 years) were more likely to miss more days of school (all p < .05). Overall, provider adherence to NHLBI guidelines was inadequate, with adherence somewhat better for older children.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of School Health|
|Publication status||Published - May 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health