Do Pediatricians Ask about Adverse Childhood Experiences in Pediatric Primary Care?

Bonnie D. Kerker, Amy Storfer-Isser, Moira Szilagyi, Ruth E. K. Stein, Andrew S. Garner, Karen G. O'Connor, Kimberly E. Hoagwood, Sarah M. Horwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The stress associated with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) has immediate and long-lasting effects. The objectives of this study were to examine 1) how often pediatricians ask patients' families about ACEs, 2) how familiar pediatricians are with the original ACE study, and 3) physician/practice characteristics, physicians' mental health training, and physicians' attitudes/beliefs that are associated with asking about ACEs. Methods Data were collected from 302 nontrainee pediatricians exclusively practicing general pediatrics who completed the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics Periodic Survey. Pediatricians indicated whether they usually, sometimes, or never inquired about or screened for 7 ACEs. Sample weights were used to reduce nonresponse bias. Weighted descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results Only 4% of pediatricians usually asked about all 7 ACEs; 32% did not usually ask about any. Less than 11% of pediatricians reported being very or somewhat familiar with the ACE study. Pediatricians who screened/inquired about ACEs usually asked about maternal depression (46%) and parental separation/divorce (42%). Multivariable analyses showed that pediatricians had more than twice the odds of usually asking about ACEs if they disagreed that they have little effect on influencing positive parenting skills, disagreed that screening for social emotional risk factors within the family is beyond the scope of pediatricians, or were very interested in receiving further education on managing/treating mental health problems in children and adolescents. Conclusions Few pediatricians ask about all ACEs. Pediatric training that emphasizes the importance of social/emotional risk factors may increase the identification of ACEs in pediatric primary care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Pediatrics
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

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Primary Health Care
Pediatrics
Physicians
Mental Health
Pediatricians
Divorce
Parenting
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Mothers
Depression
Education
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • ACE
  • adverse childhood experiences
  • pediatric primary care
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Kerker, B. D., Storfer-Isser, A., Szilagyi, M., Stein, R. E. K., Garner, A. S., O'Connor, K. G., ... Horwitz, S. M. (2016). Do Pediatricians Ask about Adverse Childhood Experiences in Pediatric Primary Care? Academic Pediatrics, 16(2), 154-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2015.08.002

Do Pediatricians Ask about Adverse Childhood Experiences in Pediatric Primary Care? / Kerker, Bonnie D.; Storfer-Isser, Amy; Szilagyi, Moira; Stein, Ruth E. K.; Garner, Andrew S.; O'Connor, Karen G.; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Horwitz, Sarah M.

In: Academic Pediatrics, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.03.2016, p. 154-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kerker, BD, Storfer-Isser, A, Szilagyi, M, Stein, REK, Garner, AS, O'Connor, KG, Hoagwood, KE & Horwitz, SM 2016, 'Do Pediatricians Ask about Adverse Childhood Experiences in Pediatric Primary Care?', Academic Pediatrics, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 154-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2015.08.002
Kerker, Bonnie D. ; Storfer-Isser, Amy ; Szilagyi, Moira ; Stein, Ruth E. K. ; Garner, Andrew S. ; O'Connor, Karen G. ; Hoagwood, Kimberly E. ; Horwitz, Sarah M. / Do Pediatricians Ask about Adverse Childhood Experiences in Pediatric Primary Care?. In: Academic Pediatrics. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 154-160.
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