Divergent activities of protein kinases in IL-6-induced differentiation of a human B cell line

H. Goldstein, D. Koerholz, L. Chesky, X. D. Fan, J. L. Ambrus

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Abstract

Lymphokines including IL-2, IL-4, and IL-6 are involved in the induction of Ig production by activated B cells. We have investigated the role of protein kinases in IL-6-induced IgM secretion by SKW6.4 cells, an IL-6-responsive B cell line. IL-6-stimulated IgM production was inhibited by elevated intracellular cAMP induced either by the addition of dibutyryl cAMP or cholera toxin. The inhibitory effect of elevated intracellular cAMP was blocked by n-(2-(Methylamino)ethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonic dihydrochloride (H8), an inhibitor of protein kinase A. H8 did not affect IgM secretion induced by IL6. In contrast, the addition of 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperizine dihydrochloride (H7), an inhibitor of protein kinase C activity, markedly inhibited IL-6-stimulated IgM production by SKW6.4 cells. H7 and elevated intracellular cAMP inhibited IgM mRNA expression and subsequent IgM synthesis by SKW6.4 cells. SKW6.4 proliferation, as determined by [3H]thymidine incorporation, was not markedly affected by IL-6, dibutyryl cAMP, cholera toxin, H7 or H8. PMA, an activator of protein kinase C, directly stimulated significant IgM secretion by SKW6.4 cells. When added to PMA-stimulated SKW6.4 cells, IL-6 stimulated additional IgM production. This observation suggested that IL-6 could stimulate differentiation without activating protein kinase C. This was confirmed by demonstrating that IL-6 did not stimulate production of diacylglycerol, did not induce the translocation of protein kinase C from the cytosolic compartment of the plasma membrane and could induce SKW6.4 cells to produce IgM after depletion of their cellular protein kinase C by PMA. Taken together these results suggests that IL-6-stimulated IgM production requires utilization of an H7-inhibitable protein kinase that can be inhibited by a protein kinase A-dependent pathway. Despite the fact that PMA can stimulate IgM production in SKW6.4 cells, IL-6 appears to use a protein kinase pathway other than protein kinase C to induce IgM production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)952-961
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume145
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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