Distinct spectra of somatic mutations accumulated with age in mouse heart and small intestine

Martijn E T Dollé, Wendy K. Snyder, Jan A. Gossen, Paul H M Lohman, Jan Vijg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Somatic mutation accumulation has been implicated as a major cause of cancer and aging. By using a transgenic mouse model with a chromosomally integrated lacZ reporter gene, mutational spectra were characterized at young and old age in two organs greatly differing in proliferative activity, i.e., the heart and small intestine. At young age the spectra were nearly identical, mainly consisting of G·C to A·T transitions and 1-bp deletions. At old age, however, distinct patterns of mutations had developed. In small intestine, only point mutations were found to accumulate, including G·C to T·A, G·C to C·G, and A·T to C·G transversions and G·C to A·T transitions. In contrast, in heart about half of the accumulated mutations appeared to be large genome rearrangements, involving up to 34 centimorgans of chromosomal DNA. Virtually all other mutations accumulating in the heart appeared to be G·C to A·T transitions at CpG sites. These results suggest that distinct mechanisms lead to organ-specific genome deterioration and dysfunction at old age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8403-8408
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume97
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Small Intestine
Mutation
Genome
Lac Operon
Reporter Genes
Point Mutation
Transgenic Mice
DNA
Neoplasms
Mutation Accumulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

Distinct spectra of somatic mutations accumulated with age in mouse heart and small intestine. / Dollé, Martijn E T; Snyder, Wendy K.; Gossen, Jan A.; Lohman, Paul H M; Vijg, Jan.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 97, No. 15, 18.07.2000, p. 8403-8408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dollé, Martijn E T ; Snyder, Wendy K. ; Gossen, Jan A. ; Lohman, Paul H M ; Vijg, Jan. / Distinct spectra of somatic mutations accumulated with age in mouse heart and small intestine. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2000 ; Vol. 97, No. 15. pp. 8403-8408.
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