Disparities in the prevalence of disability between black and white children

Paul W. Newacheck, Ruth E. K. Stein, Laurie J. Bauman, Yun Yi Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine disparities in the prevalence of the limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions or disability for black and white non-Hispanic children and to examine trends over time in the prevalence of disability. Design: We analyzed data on 419843 children (22758 with a disability) younger than 18 years included in 14 annual editions of the National Health Interview Survey spanning the period 1979-2000. Setting: Noninstitutionalized population in the United States. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measure: Prevalence of disability. Results: The prevalence of disability increased markedly for both black and white children between 1979 and 2000. Bivariate analysis demonstrated racial differences that fluctuated through time, but persisted through 2000, with black children experiencing a higher prevalence of disability than white children. Multivariate analyses conducted on the 1999-2000 data indicated that the black-white difference in disability prevalence could be explained entirely by differences in poverty status. Conclusion: Black children have higher rates of disability primarily owing to their increased exposure to poverty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-248
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume157
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Fingerprint

Poverty
Activities of Daily Living
Health Surveys
hydroquinone
Multivariate Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Interviews
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Disparities in the prevalence of disability between black and white children. / Newacheck, Paul W.; Stein, Ruth E. K.; Bauman, Laurie J.; Hung, Yun Yi.

In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 157, No. 3, 01.03.2003, p. 244-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5785198f6a1f4ca2b7af0faa832bad95,
title = "Disparities in the prevalence of disability between black and white children",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine disparities in the prevalence of the limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions or disability for black and white non-Hispanic children and to examine trends over time in the prevalence of disability. Design: We analyzed data on 419843 children (22758 with a disability) younger than 18 years included in 14 annual editions of the National Health Interview Survey spanning the period 1979-2000. Setting: Noninstitutionalized population in the United States. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measure: Prevalence of disability. Results: The prevalence of disability increased markedly for both black and white children between 1979 and 2000. Bivariate analysis demonstrated racial differences that fluctuated through time, but persisted through 2000, with black children experiencing a higher prevalence of disability than white children. Multivariate analyses conducted on the 1999-2000 data indicated that the black-white difference in disability prevalence could be explained entirely by differences in poverty status. Conclusion: Black children have higher rates of disability primarily owing to their increased exposure to poverty.",
author = "Newacheck, {Paul W.} and Stein, {Ruth E. K.} and Bauman, {Laurie J.} and Hung, {Yun Yi}",
year = "2003",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "157",
pages = "244--248",
journal = "JAMA Pediatrics",
issn = "2168-6203",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disparities in the prevalence of disability between black and white children

AU - Newacheck, Paul W.

AU - Stein, Ruth E. K.

AU - Bauman, Laurie J.

AU - Hung, Yun Yi

PY - 2003/3/1

Y1 - 2003/3/1

N2 - Objectives: To examine disparities in the prevalence of the limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions or disability for black and white non-Hispanic children and to examine trends over time in the prevalence of disability. Design: We analyzed data on 419843 children (22758 with a disability) younger than 18 years included in 14 annual editions of the National Health Interview Survey spanning the period 1979-2000. Setting: Noninstitutionalized population in the United States. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measure: Prevalence of disability. Results: The prevalence of disability increased markedly for both black and white children between 1979 and 2000. Bivariate analysis demonstrated racial differences that fluctuated through time, but persisted through 2000, with black children experiencing a higher prevalence of disability than white children. Multivariate analyses conducted on the 1999-2000 data indicated that the black-white difference in disability prevalence could be explained entirely by differences in poverty status. Conclusion: Black children have higher rates of disability primarily owing to their increased exposure to poverty.

AB - Objectives: To examine disparities in the prevalence of the limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions or disability for black and white non-Hispanic children and to examine trends over time in the prevalence of disability. Design: We analyzed data on 419843 children (22758 with a disability) younger than 18 years included in 14 annual editions of the National Health Interview Survey spanning the period 1979-2000. Setting: Noninstitutionalized population in the United States. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measure: Prevalence of disability. Results: The prevalence of disability increased markedly for both black and white children between 1979 and 2000. Bivariate analysis demonstrated racial differences that fluctuated through time, but persisted through 2000, with black children experiencing a higher prevalence of disability than white children. Multivariate analyses conducted on the 1999-2000 data indicated that the black-white difference in disability prevalence could be explained entirely by differences in poverty status. Conclusion: Black children have higher rates of disability primarily owing to their increased exposure to poverty.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037346995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037346995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 157

SP - 244

EP - 248

JO - JAMA Pediatrics

JF - JAMA Pediatrics

SN - 2168-6203

IS - 3

ER -