Disparities in acute pain treatment by cognitive status in older adults with hip fracture

Andrew K. Chang, Robert R. Edwards, R. Sean Morrison, Charles Argoff, Ashar Ata, Christian Holt, Polly E. Bijur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We examined the disparities in emergency department (ED) pain treatment based on cognitive status in older adults with an acute hip fracture. Methods: Observational study in an academic ED in the Bronx, New York. One hundred forty-four adults aged 65 years and older with acute hip fracture were administered the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) while in the ED. The primary outcome was receipt of any parenteral analgesic. The risk factor of interest was cognitive impairment (TICS ≤ 25). Secondary outcomes included receipt of any opioid, receipt of any analgesic, total dose of analgesics in intravenous morphine equivalent units (MEQ), and time to receiving first analgesic. Results: Of the 87 (60%) study patients who were cognitively impaired, 60% received a parenteral analgesic compared to 79% of the 57 cognitively unimpaired patients (RR 0.76 [95% CI 0.61, 0.94]). The effect of cognitive impairment on receiving any opioids (RR: 0.81, 95% CI 0.67, 0.98) and any analgesic (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.71, 1.01) was similar. The median analgesic dose in cognitively impaired patients was significantly lower than in cognitively unimpaired patients (4 MEQ vs 8 MEQ, p = .003). Conclusion: Among older adults presenting to the ED with acute hip fracture, cognitive impairment was independently associated with lower likelihood of receiving analgesia and lower amount of opioid analgesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2003-2007
Number of pages5
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume75
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acute pain
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Emergency department
  • Hip fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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