The RII-B isoform of the regulatory subunit (R) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase II is abundantly and selectively expressed in cerebral cortex (Erlichman, J., Sarkar, D., Fleischer, N., and Rubin, C. S. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 8179-8184). In contrast to the cytosolic RII-H isoform from heart and other non-neural tissues, a substantial fraction of cerebral cortex RII-B is tightly associated with cell organelles. In order to study the cellular basis for the localization and abundance of RII-B in this complex and heterogeneous tissue, rat cerebral cortex was fractionated into highly purified populations of neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. In neurons and astrocytes more than 80% of the total cAMP-binding activity is contributed by RII subunits, whereas the myelin-producing oligodendrocytes contain nearly equal proportions of RI (from protein kinase I) and RII. Approximately 70% of RII and RI subunits are associated with the particulate fraction in each of the three types of brain cells. The nature of the RII isoforms expressed in the cytosolic and particulate fractions of the purified brain cells was established by performing Western immunoblot and indirect immunoprecipitation analyses with selective and sensitive polyclonal antibodies directed against RII-B. Astrocytes and neurons exhibit high levels of RII-B, whereas oligodendrocytes contain the RII-H isoform. Thus, the expression of RII isoforms is not uniform among brain cells that are anatomically and developmentally related. Rather, it appears that RII-B and RII-H are expressed in a cell-specific fashion within cerebral cortex and this might reflect an RII-mediated adaptation of protein kinase II to the specialized metabolic and functional roles of neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 5 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology