Rat GH-releasing factor (rGRF) stimulated GH release and intracellular cAMP accumulation in cultured rat anterior pituitary cells with EC50 values of approximately 10 and 150 pM, respectively. Consistent with an effect on cellular cAMP levels, rGRF stimulated the adenylate cyclase activity of rat anterior pituitary membranes with an EC50 value of approximately 60 pM. Using antisera directed against the regulatory subunits of type I and II cAMPdependent protein kinases, these enzymes were immunoprecipitated from the cytosolic fraction of cultured cells in order to monitor the degree of their activation by rGRF. Both isoenzymes were rapidly activated in cells incubated with rGRF but with different kinetics; full activation of protein kinase I was evident within 3-5 min and activation of protein kinase II occurred between 5 and 15 min. The magnitude of activation was differentially regulated by rGRF in a concentration-dependent manner. Somatostatin only partially attenuated rGRF-stimulated GH release, cAMP accumulation, and adenylate cyclase activation. Somatostatin was effective in partially antagonizing activation of protein kinase II at all concentrations of rGRF and of protein kinase I only at intermediate concentrations of rGRF. The significance of this rGRF-induced differential activation of the two isoenzymes of cAMP-dependent protein kinase is discussed in terms of the multiple effects of rGRF on somatotropic cells of the rat anterior pituitary. (Molecular Endocrinology 1: 137146,1987).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology