Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play a critical role in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. We evaluated MAPKs, extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 MAPKs in the kidney of young and old rats in response to a direct-acting alkylating agent, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). It is shown that the basal activity of ERKs was strongly down-regulated in the kidney of old rats compared to their young counterparts without a significant difference in the basal expression of ERKs. Upon treatment with MMS, ERKs were deactivated about 5-fold (P < 0.05) in the kidney of young rats, whereas they were activated about 4-fold (P < 0.01) in old rats. Strikingly, expression of JNKs was not detected in old animals, whereas it was clearly present and strongly activated after MMS treatment in the kidney of young animals. The basal activity of p38 significantly increased in the kidney of old rats as compared to young animals, whereas no difference in the basal expression of p38 was detected. After treatment with MMS, p38 was activated in the kidney of both young and old rats, where activation was dramatically stronger than in young animals. Taken together, these results demonstrate age-specific MAPKs signaling pathways in the rat kidney. The implications in age-related changes in susceptibility of the kidney to MMS-induced carcinogenesis are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis|
|State||Published - Oct 18 2001|
- Age-specific activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis