Differential actions of dopamine receptor antagonism in rats upon food intake elicited by either mercaptoacetate or exposure to a palatable high-fat diet

Robert W. Baker, Jamie Osman, Richard J. Bodnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selective dopamine receptor antagonists have been shown to reduce food intake of rats under such regulatory challenge conditions as food deprivation and 2-deoxy-D-glucose-induced glucoprivation, and under such palatable conditions as acute exposure to sucrose solutions. Food intake is increased following either pretreatment with the free fatty acid oxidation inhibitor, mercaptoacetate (MA), or acute exposure to a palatable high-fat source. The present study examined whether equimolar doses (50-800 nmol/kg, sc) of either the selective D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390, or the selective D2 receptor antagonist, raclopride, would alter food intake elicited by either MA (70 mg/kg, ip) or acute exposure to a high-fat diet (67% ground rat chow, 33% vegetable shortening). SCH23390 significantly and dose-dependently reduced MA-induced feeding with the two higher (400 and 800 nmol/kg) doses eliminating this response after the first 2 h and the two lower (50 and 200 nmol/kg) doses preventing the occurrence of significant MA-induced feeding. Raclopride eliminated MA-induced feeding at the highest dose, and produced dose-dependent reductions at lower doses. A different pattern of dopamine antagonist effects emerged for high-fat intake. The identical dose range of SCH23390 failed to alter high-fat intake. In contrast, whereas the highest (800 nmol/kg) dose of raclopride significantly reduced high-fat intake after 1 h, the middle (200 and 400 nmol/kg) doses of raclopride significantly increased high-fat intake after 2 h. These data are discussed in terms of the modulatory actions of dopamine upon food intake, of the differential actions of dopamine receptor subtypes upon intake under challenge and palatable conditions, and of the potential participation of presynaptic and postsynaptic receptor populations in these responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-208
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume69
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • D receptor
  • D receptor
  • Dopamine
  • Food intake
  • High-fat diet
  • Mercaptoacetate
  • Raclopride
  • SCH23390

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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