Dietary factors and fibroblast growth factor-23 levels in young adults with African ancestry

Dominique Kosk, Holly Kramer, Amy Luke, Pauline Camacho, Pascal Bovet, Jacob Plange Rhule, Terrence Forrester, Myles Wolf, Chris Sempos, Michal L. Melamed, Lara R. Dugas, Richard Cooper, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23), a phosphaturic hormone secreted mainly by osteocytes, maintains serum phosphate levels within a tight range by promoting phosphaturia. Previous studies have mainly focused on the link between FGF23 levels and dietary intake of phosphate, but other dietary factors may also influence FGF23 levels. This cross-sectional study pooled three populations of young adults with African ancestry (452 in Chicago, IL, USA; 477 in Victoria, Seychelles; and 482 in Kumasi, Ghana) with estimated glomerular filtration rate >80 ml/min/1.73 m2 to examine the association of dietary factors based on two 24-h recalls with FGF23 levels measured using a C-terminal assay. Linear regression was used to examine the association between log-transformed FGF23 levels and quartiles of calorie-adjusted dietary factors with adjustment for covariates. In the pooled sample of 1411 study participants, the mean age was 35.2 (6.2) years and 45.3% were male. Median plasma C-terminal FGF23 values in relative units (RU)/ml were 59.5 [interquartile range (IQR) 44.1, 85.3] in the USA, 43.2 (IQR 33.1, 57.9) in Seychelles, and 34.0 (IQR 25.2, 50.4) in Ghana. With adjustment for covariates, increasing quartiles of calcium and animal protein and decreasing quartiles of vegetable protein, fiber, and magnesium intake were associated with significantly higher FGF23 levels compared to the lowest quartile. After further adjustment for dietary factors, significant trends in FGF23 levels were noted only for quartiles of calcium, fiber, and magnesium intake (P < 0.001). Dietary factors other than phosphate are associated with FGF23 levels in young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-674
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Calcium intake
  • FGF23
  • Fibroblast growth factor 23
  • Phosphate intake
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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    Kosk, D., Kramer, H., Luke, A., Camacho, P., Bovet, P., Rhule, J. P., Forrester, T., Wolf, M., Sempos, C., Melamed, M. L., Dugas, L. R., Cooper, R., & Durazo-Arvizu, R. (2017). Dietary factors and fibroblast growth factor-23 levels in young adults with African ancestry. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 35(6), 666-674. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-016-0804-5