Diagnostic value of peritumoral minimum apparent diffusion coefficient for differentiation of glioblastoma multiforme from solitary metastatic lesions

Eun Ja Lee, Karel TerBrugge, David Mikulis, Dae Seob Choi, Jong Myon Bae, Seon Kyu Lee, Soon Young Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. In glioblastoma multiforme, the peritumoral region may be infiltrated with malignant cells in addition to vasogenic edema, whereas in a metastatic deposit, the peritumoral areas comprise predominantly vasogenic edema. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can be used to differentiate glioblastoma from solitary metastasis on the basis of cellularity levels in the enhancing tumor and in the peritumoral region. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Seventy-three patients underwent conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) before undergoing treatment. The minimum ADC was measured in the enhancing tumor, peritumoral region, and contralateral normal white matter. To determine whether there was a statistical difference between metastasis and glioblastoma, we analyzed patient age and sex, minimum ADC value, and ADC ratio of the two groups. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the cutoff value of the minimum ADC that had the best combination of sensitivity and specificity for distinguishing between glioblastoma and metastasis. RESULTS. The mean minimum ADC values and mean ADC ratios in the peritumoral regions of glioblastomas were significantly higher than those in metastases. However, the mean minimum ADC values and mean ADC ratios in enhancing tumors showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups. According to ROC curve analysis, a cut-off value of 1.302×10 -3 mm2/s for the minimum peritumoral ADC value generated the best combination of sensitivity (82.9%) and specificity (78.9%) for distinguishing between glioblastoma and metastasis. CONCLUSION. Although the characteristics of solitary metastasis and glioblastoma multiforme may be similar on conventional MRI, DWI can offer diagnostic information to distinguish between the tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume196
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain imaging
  • Brain metastases
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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