Background: The Index of Microcirculatory Resistance (IMR), measured with a pressure-thermistor tipped coronary guidewire has been established as a gold standard for coronary microvascular assessment. Angiography-based IMR (angio-IMR) is a novel method to derive IMR without intracoronary instrumentation or the need for adenosine. Methods: PubMed and Embase databases were systemically searched in November 2021 for studies that measured angio-IMR. The primary outcomes were pooled sensitivity and specificity as well as the area under the curve (AUC) of the summary receiver operating characteristic curve using IMR as a reference standard. Results: A total of 129 records were initially identified and 8 studies were included in the final analysis. Overall, 1653 lesions were included in this study, of which 733 were in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Angio-IMR yielded high diagnostic performance predicting wire-based IMR with pooled sensitivity = 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.76, 0.85), specificity = 0.80 (0.72, 0.86), and AUC = 0.86 (0.82, 0.88), which was similar irrespective of patient presentation. When the clinical outcome was compared between high versus low angio-IMR in patients presenting with myocardial infarction, high angio-IMR predicted an increased risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Conclusion: Our study found that coronary angio-IMR has relatively high diagnostic performance as well as prognostic values predicting MACE, supporting its use in clinical practice.
- coronary angiogram
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine